Cotton is a wonderful natural fiber. Around 40 million hectare is cultivated worldwide. Cotton is the most important fiber for clothing and textile. The regular cultivation of cotton brings ecological risks with the use of chemicals and artificial fertilizers. This leads to erosion and pollution of soil, water and air. Also consumers could experience the negative effects of the toxins used and remaining in the clothing. It can result in skin irritations and other health-related problems.
“The white gold”
Cotton is often called “the white gold”. But what is the downside and what are the true costs of this white gold? “The true costs of cotton” becomes visible in for example Uzbekistan, where the Arallake is severely damaged. The Arallake quickly dries up after the rivers, the lakes sources, moved direction. Dams were built after which the water reservoirs can be used for the irrigation of the cotton cultivation. It became one of the largest natural disasters in history. There is hardly anything left of this inland water reservoir, which used to be the fourth biggest in the world.